Canada Citizenship

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How to become a Canadian Citizen?

  • Canada invited 116,000 new citizens in 2022-23
  • Get Canadian Citizenship in 16 months
  • 80.7% Canadian PRs choose citizenship.
  • 171% increase in Canadian citizenship in 2022
  • Over 59,000 Indians got Canadian citizenship in 2021
  • IRCC processes 5.2 million applications in 2022
  • Over 33 million people residing in Canada are citizens either by birth or naturalization.


How to get Canadian Citizenship?

Canada is a place with a pool of opportunities. Most of the individuals from various countries across the world would prefer Canada to settle. Many people come to Canada every year for higher studies, work, visit, or any other reasons.  Most of the people who come to Canada would like to settle in the country with a Canadian citizenship. Canadian citizenship obtained either by birth or by naturalization. Initially, people apply for a permanent residency after that they try to convert it into the citizenship.


Canada Citizenship Eligibility & Requirements

If you wish to obtain Canadian citizenship by naturalization, you must satisfy the following eligibility credentials.

  • Applicants must be permanent residents of Canada.
  • After living in Canada for at least 3 years, one is eligible to apply for citizenship.
  • Candidates must have filed taxes, if required.
  • English language proficiency or French language proficiency is required.
  • Could have cleared a citizenship test
  • Take the pledge of citizenship

Your Canadian citizenship may affect because of the following reasons.

  • If you are having many terms and conditions in your PR status.
  • If your Canadian citizenship has been cancelled
  • In case you have any criminal charges within Canada or outside Canada.
  • If you are instructed to leave the country.
  • Not received Canadian citizenship because of misrepresentation

Canada PR Card

If you are applying for Canadian citizenship by naturalization, you must have a PR Card.

Applicants make sure that they must not involve in:

  • Any fraud related issued and under the review of immigration authorities. 
  • If you are asked to leave Canada by the officials.
  • If you are not having suitable conditions for the PR status such as medical screening, etc.


Canadian Citizenship Application Process

  • Visit Canada's immigration website.
  • On the homepage, click ‘Immigration and Citizenship’; click the link.
  • Click on the ‘Citizenship’ tab.
  • Click on Apply for Citizenship.
  • Next, click the ‘Find out if you are eligible!’ button.
  • Pay the required processing fee.
  • Give a valid email address.
  • You have to confirm that you are a permanent resident of Canada.
  • Also, confirm that you are over 18 years old at the time of application submission.


Canadian Citizenship Test

If the Canadian immigration authorities approve your application, you must take the Canadian citizenship test. The test is held to showcase your knowledge about the country.

The test comprises of 20 questions (MCQs, true or false, or question and answer based) about Canada.

  • History
  • Rights and Responsibilities of Canadians
  • Geography
  • Symbols
  • Government
  • Laws
  • Economy

The test will be held for 30 minutes. The test may be occasionally conducted orally. You will get government resources to prepare for the test. The medium of language of the Canadian citizenship test is English/French.

Applicants who applied for Canadian citizenship are called for the test round once their application is processed. The authorities will assign the test date and time. Make sure to attend the test on the scheduled date and time. If you miss the test, you must write to the government specifying why you are absent. If you have a genuine reason, the government will conduct the test again. Or if your reason is not genuine, you must book the new trial again.

After the successful completion of the test, you will have an interview round with an IRCC official for granting citizenship. Nowadays, the IRCC is allowing the candidates to appear the Canadian citizenship test online.


Canada Citizenship Interview Round

The interview round will take place after completion of the test. Your test results will be given in the interview round. The interview round contains questions about your language skills, application/documentation, etc, to ensure your Canada citizenship. If you qualify for the test, you will be given a date for your citizenship ceremony.

If you fail the test for the first time, the test will be rescheduled again. If you fail the test for even 2nd time, a third chance will be given to you, that is an interview with an official. If you qualify for the interview round in 3rd chance, you are eligible for citizenship. If you fail to clear the test in 3 rounds, the authorities will reject your application.

Age/ Situation

Needs to Take the Test

Adult 18-54


Adult 55+


Minor Under 18 with a Canadian Parent or Parent Applying at the Same Time


Minor 14- 17 without a Canadian Parent or Parent Applying at the Same Time


Minor under 14 without a Canadian Parent or Parent Applying at the Same Time



Canada Citizenship Oath

The Canadian citizenship oath is the final phase in the process. The ceremony date will be announced two weeks before. Preparing for the Canadian citizenship ceremony beforehand with all the requirements would be best. If you miss the ceremony for unpredictable reasons, you must write why you missed the ceremony. Canada citizenship oath takes place across Canada throughout the year. Some special oath ceremonies will take place on Canada Day during citizenship week.


Who Needs to Swear the Oath?

Adults and children above 14 years are required to attend the ceremony and swear an oath. Children below 14 must participate in the ceremony but do not need to swear an oath.


Canada citizenship ceremony – required documents to carry

  • Ceremony Notice
  • A signed copy of the Permission Release and Consent form
  • Canada PR card as a permanent residence proof
  • All passports and travel documents.
  • Record of landing (if you arrived before June 28, 2002)
  • Two copies of Personal Identification


What Happens at the Canada Citizenship Oath Ceremony?

The ceremony includes,

  • Taking the Oath of Citizenship
  • Receiving your Citizenship Certificate
  • Signing the Oath
  • Singing the National Anthem

An official will supervise the entire ceremony. Many other applicants attend the ceremony. The oath will be done in English/French languages. You will receive your oath in either language as per your preference. You can affirm or swear the oath. Applicants will be provided with the oath and national anthem. So, practice them before going to the ceremony. 


Applying for Canada Passport

After you become a citizen of Canada, you are allowed to apply for a Canadian passport. You can apply for a Canadian passport 2 days before the ceremony. As a Canadian citizen, you require a passport as an official travel document. So, apply for the Canada Passport after the ceremony is completed.

Canadian Citizenship for Adults

Citizenship application package is based on the age. If your age is more than 18 years, then you require the following.

  • You must have been lived in Canada for at least 1095 days (3 years) out of 5 years.
  • You must be a tax payer in Canada fully or partially.

Canadian Citizenship for Minors

The application form for minors (age group under 18 years) must be submitted by a parent/guardian. The applicants need to submit the application form subsection 5(2). The application form must be completed and submitted by the parent/guardian.

Minor Without Canadian Parent

  • Minors under 18 years and whose parents are permanent residents fall under this category.
  • Do not have a parent who is applying for citizenship at the same time.
  • Do not already have a Canadian parent

The application is to be filed by the person taking care of a minor or the person who legally has the right to the minor.  The authorized person applying for Canadian citizenship of a minor does not have to be a Canadian citizen. Children who do not have authorized persons to apply on behalf of can request a direct application.


Canadian Citizenship Application – Let Y-Axis help you!

Y-Axis offers the best immigration services for millions of clients globally. Aspirants seeking to apply for Canadian citizenship can approach Y-Axis for needed help. We support aspirants seeking Canada PR and Canada citizenship assistance services. As we are keen on the requirements, documents, and everything, the chances are high for approval from the IRCC. Approach Y-Axis today for the needed help.

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Frequently Asked Questions

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